Treated water level measurement in a basin

Application Note | Water & Wastewater

  • Preventing loss of drinking water dedicated to water distribution
  • Treated water level measurement in a basin
  • Saving on costs for additional disinfectants, pump capacity and manpower


A water utilities company in the USA primarily supplies potable water to private households of an adjacent community. After water filtration and chlorination at the local treatment plant, the water is stored in a basin to be pumped directly into the drinking water network.

Measurement requirements

In order to avoid overfilling of the basin and subsequent contamination, water is discharged by way of an overflow pipe once a certain water level in the basin has been exceeded. The drained water, though already chemically treated, must then be cleaned all over again. It is thus the utilities’ priority to properly balance out the system to prevent loss of water due to overflow. This makes level measurement key to overflow prevention and the efficient operation of the water supply system.

The customer previously used ultrasonic level transmitters as well as submersible level probes for this critical measurement. As this technology did not work as reliably as intended, the company was searching for a more stable level technology that was also able to cope with the changing climatic conditions such as heavy rainfall, fog or hot sunlight.

KROHNE Solution

The water utility opted for continuous, non-contact level measurement with the OPTIWAVE 1400. This FMCW radar level transmitter is particularly designed for use in water applications. It features a robust stainless-steel housing and comes IP68 / NEMA 4X/6 rated for use in open air installations with the risk of heavy rainfall or even flooding. Its PP (polypropylene) Drop antenna has the smallest beam angle (8°) on the market, guaranteeing accurate and reliable measurement of the water basin level, despite of the occasionally moving water surface. The radar level transmitter was attached to the basin edge with a wall-mounted bracket.

Customer benefits

The OPTIWAVE 1400 performs a key function to reduce unnecessary loss of treated water due to overflow. The radar level transmitter provides a 4...20 mA/HART output signal to the PLC that generates an alarm in the control room whenever the water exceeds a certain level. This very critical measurement allows the customer to take immediate steps to balance out the system. Preventing water from entering the overflow pipe helps the operator save on costs for disinfectants, electrical power for pumping as well as manpower.

The water utility stands to gain from a more powerful, yet cost-effective alternative to the previously used level transmitters. The level radar has once again demonstrated its excellent signal dynamics. Right from the beginning the readings taken at the basin have indicated any level change within an inch. The KROHNE device has been working reliably despite challenging weather conditions with heavy rainfall or hot sunlight.

Products used


Radar (FMCW) level transmitter for liquids in water and wastewater applications

  • Continuous, non-contact level measurement in tanks, pumping stations, open channels etc.
  • Robust stainless steel (316L) design , waterproof (IP66/68 / NEMA 4X/6)
  • 24 GHz radar, PP Drop antenna
  • Measuring range: 0…20 m / 66 ft